On the job training is employment training at the place where the employee works in actual. An employee can get skills and efficiencies about job task performance. Professional trainer acts as the course instructor. He conducts classroom training and works training as well. It helps employees how to perform responsibilities effectively. On the job training may possibly be the part of hiring package and provide the skills to the employees to adjust within the organization. It involves the teaching of the employee to perform key activities needed for their jobs. It simply means training an employee to complete the task when they are already working.
Importance of on the job training
Imagine you are an employee in an organization. Now the organization has implanted new computer system. You are not aware of the working of the new computer system. Then company appoints the professional instructors for you to teach about the computer system. This is considered as on the job training.
On the job training can be formal or informal. In the informal training session, one experienced employee can help the other inexperienced employee to learn something. In a formal session, company appoints the professional to provide training session about the specific task.
Companies can limit their on the job training session through some ways. A job seeker looks for a job in the newspaper where the company has mentioned that they require some specific skills for the job like MS office skills or any other kind of skill. This limits the on the job training for the employees. It does not fully eliminate on the job training.
Most of the companies provide on the job training to employees for 12 weeks initially after getting appointment letter to the employees. On this training session, employees learn about the task performance and their job sustaining requirement. They can improve their performance and can be promoted by successfully doing on the job training.
Advantages of on the job training
Employees get on the job training under the administration of more qualified staff. They make themselves confident about the job through on the job training. They gain confidence in their work. The instructor guides them how to perform the specific task and guide them. They give feedback to the employees by pointing their errors during on the job training session. In this way, a new employee can incorporate easily and quickly within the organization. This is a very cost effective method for the organization to impart skills and knowledge to the employees. Employees can be proficient in their work through on the job training. The company can effectively produce the employees with skills it actually wants.
Disadvantages of on the job training
On the job training may not be effective every time for the organization and employees. The reasons may include:
- It is possible that proper skills for the job task may not produce in the employees within given time period.
- If a company hires the external instructor who is unfamiliar with the operations of the company, then it will create a problem for the organization. It will not produce the skills which company wants.